Dave Moss is the man when it comes to this stuff as he explains it in ways that make sense, so check out his posts on youtube.
Short form: if you are doing these adjustments independently, the Max Macalister rule of thumb is a change to the front will affect the front 5 and the rear 1 and vice versa. Raising the front tends to add stability (increased rake) but can slow down steering (a lot!). Raising the rear tends to help the bike finish the corner but it puts more weight on the front, causing more weight shift under braking (taken too far the rear lifts off ground under braking too easily). Adding shock length increases swingarm angle which is good but there is a range of effectiveness. Dave Moss says 11.5 to 13.5 degrees after that the swingarm will try to tuck under itself leaned over on the power. It gets a little more complicated if you are doing both together, as you may need to do if you are running oversized race tires. On the 06-07 GSXR 600, people would add extensions to the forks, after gaining height from the tire and some more from fixing the swingarm angle there was just not enough fork length to get a decent amount of trail.
05 ZX10r "the Mongrel": GP Suspension rebuilt forks, LE Penske double shock, 05-06 ZX6rr shock linkage, Brembo RCS MC, Nissin calipers (best mod for this bike!!!), Attack rearsets, Motion Pro Revolver throttle kit, ASV clutch lever, Champs sliders, smoked Zero Grav DB, Ti caliper bolts, CF fender, Renthal grips, Speedo healer, Maviryk MDA123 batt, Supersprox +3 520, That's it..... For now